What? Where? When? How?
What is Cabo Verde?
One country, Ten Islands, each having their own unique characteristics, lifestyle, and landscapes. A rich culture, transatlantic history, pristine beaches, majestic mountains, volcanos, delicious gastronomy, a unique experience to be had by a soul who yearns to discover.
Where are we located?
Cape Verde is an island country, with an area of 4,033 km², made up of 10 islands, 9 of which are inhabited. The archipelago is located in the Atlantic Ocean, 455 km off the coast of West Africa, at the same latitude as the Caribbean, and is part of the Atlantic Islands, along with the Azores, Madeira, Selvagens and Canary Islands.
The islands are divided into two groups: Barlavento (Windward), to the north, and Sotavento (Leeward), to the south. In the Barlavento group are the islands of Boa Vista, Sal, Santo Antão, Santa Luzia (an uninhabited nature reserve), São Nicolau and São Vicente. And the islets Branco and Raso, between the islands of Santa Luzia and São Nicolau, the islets of Pássaros, on the island of São Vicente, the islets of Rabo de Junco, off the island of Sal and the islets of Baluarte and Sal Rei, in coast of Boa Vista.
The Sotavento group comprises the islands Brava, Fogo, Maio and Santiago. And the islets of Santa Maria, next to the island of Santiago, the islets Grande, Rombo, Baixo, de Cima, do Rei, Luís Carneiro, Sapado and Areia, which are closer to Brava island. Santiago is the largest island, with 991 km², followed by Santo Antão, with 779 km². Brava and Sal are the two smallest islands, with 62.51 km² and 219.8 km², respectively
Subtropical climate, the mild weather with average tempertures around 25 Celsius/77 Fahrenheight all year round, make the country an attraction for those who like the sun 365 days a year. The scarce rain gives the air of its grace in the so-called rainy season, which transforms the archipelago into an extensive green mantle, especially between August and November.
History marks 1460 as the year of the discovery of the islands of Cape Verde, by the Portuguese Diogo Gomes and the Genoese António da Noli, at the behest of Infante D. Henrique, a worker of Portuguese expansionism, who served the king of Portugal, D. Afonso V São Cristóvão (Boa Vista), Lhana (Sal), São Jacob (Santiago), São Filipe (Fogo), Maias (May), were the first islands found. The islands of Santo Antão, S. Vicente, S. Nicolau, Santa Luzia and S. João (Brava) were discovered between 1461 and 1462.
Given their strategic position, on the routes that connected Europe, Africa and Brazil, the islands served as a commercial and supply warehouse, with particular emphasis on the slave trade. Soon, the archipelago became a center of concentration and dispersion of men, plants and animals.
With the abolition of the slave trade and the constant deterioration of climatic conditions, Cape Verde went into decline and began to live based on a poor, subsistence economy.
Free Europeans and slaves from the African coast merged into a single people, Cape Verdeans, with a very unique way of being and living, and Creole emerged as the language of the mostly mestizo community.